She draws on the phenomenology of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and the feminism of Simone de Beauvoir , noting that both thinkers ground their theories in "lived experience" and view the sexual body as a historical idea or situation. Currently, the actions appropriate for men and women have been transmitted to produce a social atmosphere that both maintains and legitimizes a seemingly natural gender binary. Any concept of responsibility which demands the full transparency of the self to itself, an entirely accountable self, necessarily does violence to the opacity which marks the constitution of the self it addresses. To take seriously one's opacity to oneself in ethical deliberation means then to critically interrogate the social world in which one comes to be human in the first place and which remains precisely that which one cannot know about oneself. Essays on Racism, Capitalism and Sexual Politics". Butler explicitly challenges biological accounts of binary sex. People have asked, so what are the demands? What are the demands all of these people are making?
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