However, during this period, there were also shifts in demographics that influence the sex ratio. They analyzed the sex ratio of births from the files of Statistics Finland and all live births in Finland from to Second, there is pressure for women to give birth to sons, often because of cultural preferences for male heirs. Conversely, the entertainment , banking , tourism , fashion , and service industries may have resulted in a female-majority gender imbalance in some areas dependent on them. Gender imbalance may result in the threat of social unrest, especially in the case of an excess of low-status young males unable to find spouses,  and being recruited into the service of militaristic political factions. The population stressors theory predicts that the East German sex ratio should have been lower in when East Germany's economy collapsed than expected from its previous years. In a widely cited article,  Amartya Sen supported such views.
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